Republic Day in India is celebrated on 26th January every year. The day is celebrated in the honor of the constitution of India, which came into action on 26 January 1950.
There is a very interesting history behind the formation and launch of Indian constitution. 26 January was the day when in 1930, the Indian National Congress proclaimed the declaration of Indian Independence. That is why this date was chosen to launch the constitution in India.
The Constitution was passed in the Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and was adopted by the government on 26 January 1950 to apply a democratic government system in the country.
Indian constitution is the supreme law of India. It defines the rules and regulations for various government policies and organizations including political principles, procedures, Powers, rights, and duties of various government powered sectors and also for citizens of India.
Indian constitution is the longest written constitution of any country in the world with 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian constitution.
Indian Constitution has undergone several changes and amendments since its first release. Out of total 120 amendment bills, 98 were passed by the parliament of India. These changes were done to include other acts and minor changes in the constitution.
26 January is celebrated each year as Republic Day in the honor of the adoption of the Indian Constitution.